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Much of the excitement regarding the benefits of pine pollen exist because of phytoandrogens. Pine pollen contains natural phytoandrogens; a functional source of plant based molecules that offer an alternate to synthetic or prescription hormone. Like phytoestrogens, these phytoandrogens play equal role in both aging men and women.
Brassinosteroids are found throughout the plant kingdom: in new growths, germinating seeds, and young vegetative tissues. Superfoods like wheat-grass juice, germinated broccoli seed, and certain sprouts have these nourishing plant hormones: they help detoxify and have anabolic impact on cell growth.
The pollen grain carries everything it needs for germination. 15% amino acids, 1-2% lipids-sterols, various polyphenols and antioxidants, including 2% flavonoids, myoinositol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine, lignin, and various polysaccharides (complex sugars)—two of which are vital to immune health; arabinogalactan, and xylogalacturonan and on top of that boasts liver detoxifying agents like glutathione, MSM, SOD.
It also has vitamin D2/D3, magnesium, selenium, silicon, potassium, calcium, iron, strontium, phosphorus, sulphur, chlorine, manganese, and various other vitamins, minerals, and essential amino acids such as L-dopa and Arginine that help with blood flow and the nitric-oxide cycle.
Pine pollen health benefits come from a huge number of bioactive molecules needed for germination.
Pine pollen also has five other potent plant hormone compounds, required for germanaiton burst:Auxins, Cytokinins, Gibberellins, Ethylene, Abscisic acid- all with biological activity, such as; antiviral, anti-cancer, anabolic, pro-survival, stem cell/immune response activation, and anti-aging effects.
Clinical study of chrome-rich pine pollen in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, (Fang Zhaohui, see Translation 2019)
Analysis of pharmacological effects and clinical application of pine pollen. (Sheng wise et al, 2018)
Effects of Pine Pollen Extract in Relieving Hot Flushes in Sex Hormone-Deficienct Rats. (Thisayakorn, 2017)
Androgenic and Anabolic Effects of Pinus tabulaeformis Carr Pollen in Clarias gariepinus. (Ausussto S Jr, 2017)
Plant Hormone Cytokinins for Modulating Human Aging and Age-Related Diseases. (Jiří Voller, 2017)
The Plant Hormone Abscisic Acid is a Prosurvival Factor in Human and Murine Megakaryocytes. (Malara A, 2017)
Immune-Enhancing Effects of Taishan Pinus massoniana Pollen Polysaccharides on DNA Vaccine Expressing Bordetella avium ompA (Fujie Zhu, 2016)
Effect of pine pollen extract on experimental chronic arthritis; (Axenov-Gribanov DV, 2016)
Analysis of human food safety and laxative function of pine pollen Wen Ping Jing, 2016)
The protective effects of Masson pine pollen aqueous extract on CCl4-induced oxidative damage of human hepatic cells. Jin X, 2015)
Characterization and Biological Activity of Taishan Pinus massoniana Pollen Polysaccharide In Vitro (Shifa Yang, 2015)
Actinobacteria possessing antimicrobial and antioxidant activities isolated from the pollen of scots pine; (Gen-Xiang Mao, 2012)
Antiaging Effect of Pine Pollen in Human Diploid Fibroblasts and in a Mouse Model Induced by D-Galactose (Gen-Xiang Mao, 2012)
Pine pollen inhibits cell apoptosis-related protein expression in the cerebral cortex of mice with arsenic poisoning, Yanhong Luo, 2012)
Mechanisms of natural brassinosteroid-induced apoptosis of prostate cancer cells. Steigerová J, Food Chem Toxicol. 2012)
Brassinosteroids inhibit in vitro angiogenesis in human endothelial cells (LucieRárová, 2012)
Rapid effects of novel phytoandrogen adjuvant therapy (PAT) onmetabolic health: a gender, age and BMI matched case-control study (Ong YC, 2011)
Anabolic effect of plant brassinosteroids. (Debora Esposito, 2011)
Oxidative activation of indole-3-acetic acids to cytotoxic species— a potential new role for plant auxins in cancer therapy. (Lisa K.Folkes, 2011)
Brassinosteroids cause cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of human breast cancer cells. (Steigerová, 2010)
Anti-fatigue Effects of Flavone in Pinus Massoniana Pollen on Mice (WU Jing-jing,2010)
Antioxidant and antiinflammatory activity of pine pollen extract in vitro. (Lee KH. (2009)
Model Induced by D-Galactose Pine pollen polly-sacchrided on reactive oxygen species,(Lee KH1,2009)
The phytohormone auxin induces G1 cell-cycle arrest of human tumor cells. (Ester K, 2009)
Allergenicity and cross-reactivity of pine pollen. (Gastaminza G, et al. ,2009)
Anticancer and antiproliferative activity of natural brassinosteroids (JanaMalíková, 2008)
Abscisic acid is an endogenous stimulator of release from human pancreatic islets with cyclic ADP ribose as second messenger. Bruzzone S, 2008)
Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of pine (Pinus densiflora) pollen extract. ( Wang YM, 2007)
Effects of pine pollen polysaccharide and its sulfate on the production of ROS in cardiomyocytes (Geng Yue, 2007)
Effective Components and Pharmacological Function of Pine Pollen (He Xiaoyan, 2007)
Chen Wei; Study on Extraction and Determination of Choline in Pine Pollen ( Li Ying ;2006)
Pine pollen hits cell defense Yan Zhenli, 2006)
Analysis of pine pollen by using FTIR, SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. (Guang Pu, 2005)
Interventional effects of pine pollen in rats with hyperplasia of prostate, (T. Cong, 2005)
Analysis of pharmacological effects and clinical application of pine pollen in combination with other Chinese patent formulas in clinical trials. (In benign prostatic hyperplasia: Wang Fuchang, 2004, and in primary hypertention, Hu Guocan et al 2005)
The mechanism and clinical application of pine pollen. (Zhao Lixin, 2004)